Could recently locally extinct population patches of Astragalus nitidiflorus regenerate from the soil seed bank?

Journal ar
Journal of Arid Environments
  • Volumen: 110
  • Fecha: 01 January 2014
  • Páginas: 75-78
  • ISSN: 1095922X 01401963
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2014.07.002
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Academic Press
Persistence, distribution, and dynamics of Astragalus nitidiflorus soil seed bank, a critically endangered species of southern Spain, were studied during four consecutive years to determine their importance to regenerate locally extinct patches of the only known A.nitidiflorus population worldwide. The spatial distribution of seeds in the soil was highly influenced by the presence/absence of adult plants and by the indehiscent trait of the fruit. Results showed that most seeds were present on the soil surface, inside the fruit and close to the mother plant. Seed longevity was low, but higher for seeds protected by fruit than for single ones after two years buried in the soil. This species is able to form a short-term persistent soil seed bank that is strongly influenced by environmental factors and population fluctuations. Based on these results, natural regeneration of local patches where plants of A.nitidiflorus are no longer present is unlikely from the soil seed bank and population recovery should be attempted by sowing seeds or planting new specimens. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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