Article

Soil fertility status and nutrients provided to spring barley (Hordeum distichon L.) by pig slurry

Journal ar
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
  • Volumen: 74
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 January 2014
  • Páginas: 73-82
  • ISSN: 07185839 07185820
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.4067/S0718-58392014000100012
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIAhriquelm@inia.cl
Nutrient recycling using pig slurry is a common agricultural practice to manage the ever increasing amounts of wastes from the pig industry. This study was conducted in the southeast of Spain to quantify the enrichments in major (N, P, K, Mg) and minor (Zn, Fe, Cu, and Mn) nutrients in soils amended with D1-170 kg N ha-1 (European Union legislated dose) or D2-340 kg N ha-1, and understand the influence of pig slurry on yield and nutrient uptake in two crop seasons of spring barley (Hordeum distichon L.) Compared to control, D2 increased NO3--N by 11.4X to 109 mg kg-1, Olsen-P by 6.9X to 423 mg kg-1, exchange K (2.5X to 1.6 cmol+ kg-1), Mg (1.7X to 1.8 cmol+ kg-1), diethylene-triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA)-Zn (94X to 18.2 mg kg-1), and Fe (2X to 11.3 mg kg-1). Available NO3--N, Olsen-P, and DTPA-Zn have the best correlations with crop yield and nutrient uptake. These results indicate that the assessment of soil fertility status at 1-mo after pig slurry addition provides a good indicator for potential yield and uptake of barley. However, it is suggested that leachates should be monitored to effectively manage potential releases of nitrate and phosphate into the environment.

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