Chemical stabilization of metals in the environment: A feasible alternative for remediation of mine soils

Journal ar
Environmental Earth Sciences
  • Volumen: 70
  • Número: 6
  • Fecha: 01 November 2013
  • Páginas: 2623-2632
  • ISSN: 18666280 18666299
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12665-013-2313-3
  • Document Type: Article
Initial risk assessment characterization carried out in a tailing pond, called "El Lirio", came from metal mining showed that these soils have low fertility; low amounts of nitrogen, organic carbon, phosphorous, and carbonates; and high concentrations of total metals (10,719 mg Zn kg-1, 2,821 mg Pb kg-1, and 30 mg Cd kg-1), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)-extractable metals, and water-soluble metals, which suggest an urgent need for remediation. Different amendments have been selected, including three anthropogenic wastes: pig manure, sewage sludge, and lime; all were added to the constructed plots in the mine pond. The objectives were to: (1) reduce acid mine drainage, metal mobilization, and toxicity and (2) provide nutrients which enable plant establishment. Results showed an increase in pH, electrical conductivity, total nitrogen, organic carbon, and equivalent calcium carbonate contents. Although water- and DTPA-extractable Zn, Pb, and Cd were reduced, there was an increment in DTPA- and water-extractable Cu due to the addition of organic matter. The amendments also enhanced the establishment of plants. This study constitutes the first stage of a successful remediation programme that can be applied in similar mining areas. The chemical stabilization of metals is a cost-effective alternative for remediation of mine areas in SE Spain. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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