Conventional and emergent sanitizers decreased Ectomyelois ceratoniae infestation and maintained quality of date palm after shelf-life

Journal ar
Postharvest Biology and Technology
  • Volumen: 87
  • Fecha: 01 January 2014
  • Páginas: 33-41
  • ISSN: 09255214
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.08.002
  • Document Type: Article
Several methods have been used to prevent pest diseases and microbial contamination of dates, although their use is being restricted due to harmful effects on humans and/or to the environment. Sustainable sanitation techniques for keeping overall quality and safety of harvested dates should be developed and implemented. The current work studied the effect of NaClO, UV-C, ozonated water and alkaline and neutral electrolyzed water (NEW) on natural infestation by Ectomyelois ceratoniae or moth of pyrale, and on overall quality of 'Deglet Nour' dates stored for 30 days at the commercially used temperature of 20°C. As controls, untreated samples were used. The skin color, firmness, pH, titratable acidity, total soluble solids content, sugar content, total polyphenols, antioxidant activity, microbial counts, sensory quality and moth infestations were monitored. Phenolics content increased after shelf-life. As expected, all sanitizers lowered microbial counts and moth infestation. A dose of 6kJUV-Cm-2 was the most efficient treatment against yeast and molds (without differences with NaClO and O3), and coliforms, maintaining overall quality of dates after shelf-life. UV-C and NEW (pH 7.2, ORP 814mV, and 300mgL-1 of free chlorine) were the most effective against moth proliferation, and could be considered as promising useful tools for commercial disinfection of fresh dates and extending shelf-life. As far as we know, no other comparative studies on these postharvest sanitizers on dates have been reported. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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