Effect of sustained deficit irrigation on physicochemical properties, bioactive compounds and postharvest life of pomegranate fruit (cv. 'Mollar de Elche')

Journal ar
Postharvest Biology and Technology
  • Volumen: 86
  • Fecha: 01 December 2013
  • Páginas: 171-180
  • ISSN: 09255214
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.06.034
  • Document Type: Article
In this study, the influence of sustained deficit irrigation (SDI; 32% of reference evapotranspiration (ET0)) on physicochemical and sensory quality and bioactive compounds of pomegranates stored for 30, 60 and 90 days in air at 5°C+4 days at 15°C, at each storage period, was studied and compared to a control (100% ET0). Fruit from SDI had higher peel redness and greater firmness, soluble solids contents, vitamin C (27%), phloretin (98%) and protocatechuic acid (10%) levels, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) (46%) than the control. Cold storage and shelf-life did not induce significant changes in soluble solids, pH, titratable acidity, and chroma and Hue. SDI fruit had retarded development of chilling injury (CI) symptoms, which appeared after 60 days of storage in comparison to 30 days in the controls. Anthocyanins, catechin, phloretin and protocatechuic, caffeic, p-coumaric and caffeic acids contents had greater increases in SDI fruit than in controls throughout the postharvest life. TAC was significantly (P<0.05) correlated to anthocyanins, gallic acid and total vitamin C contents. Generally, after long term storage, the fruit grown under SDI showed higher sensory and nutritional quality, more health attributes and a longer shelf-life (up to 90 days at 5°C+4 at 15°C) than fruit irrigated at 100% ET0. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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