Increasing stability and transport efficiency of supported liquid membranes through a novel ultrasound-assisted preparation method. Its application to cobalt(II) removal

Journal ar
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
  • Volumen: 20
  • Número: 2
  • Fecha: 01 March 2013
  • Páginas: 650-654
  • ISSN: 13504177 18732828
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2012.10.002
  • Document Type: Article
A novel ultrasound assisted method for preparing supported liquid membranes is described in this paper. The stability and efficiency of the supported liquid membrane obtained was tested by removing cobalt(II) from aqueous solutions through a facilitated countertransport mechanism using CYANEX 272 as carrier and protons as counterions. The results are compared with those obtained using supported liquid membranes prepared by soaking the polymeric material in the organic solution of the carrier at atmospheric pressure and under vacuum, both for 24 h. Higher transport efficiency (>5%), flux (~18%), permeability (~20%) and stability (>6% in the second run and ~10% in the third run) were obtained by the supported liquid membrane prepared using the ultrasound assisted method. These findings can be explained by the effects of cavitation and acoustical streaming - which result from the ultrasound passing through the organic solution of the extractant - on the porous structure of the polymer support and on the pore filling. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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