Characterization of a gas elliptic jet in a nuclear safety scenario

Journal ar
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
  • Volumen: 44
  • Fecha: 01 January 2013
  • Páginas: 374-384
  • ISSN: 08941777
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.07.009
  • Document Type: Article
This paper summarizes the major insights gained into the aerodynamics of a subsonic gas jet expanding across a bundle of tubes from an axial-type tube breach. This scenario is highly relevant in nuclear safety since it determines the potential retention of radioactive aerosol particles during a severe accident Steam Generator Tube Rupture (SGTR) sequence. A scaled-down mock-up with representative dimensions of a real shell and tube heat exchanger of a nuclear power plant was used in the experiments. Two dimensional (2D) PIV technique was used to characterize the flow field in the space between the breach and the neighbor tubes in the Reynolds range investigated (Re D=0.8-2.7×10 5). The free jet case (i.e. jet expansion in a "tube-free" space) was used as a reference to compare the "in-bundle" jet case. By comparing with previous results obtained with an axisymmetric radial tube breach, the effect of the type of breach in the nearby flow field across the bundle has been also analyzed. Results show that an axial tube breach generates an elliptic jet with "quasi top-hat" velocity profile. The presence of tubes distorts the jet shape, reduce its penetration and its gas entrainment with respect to a "tube-free" space. The type of breach drastically affects the jet evolution in the surroundings of the breach. Particularly, different velocity profiles and jet flow entrainments have been found for the same upstream conditions. Results are being applied in the development of aerosol retention models of severe accident SGTR sequences. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

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