Article

Work life balance and the retention of managers in Spanish SMEs

Journal ar
International Journal of Human Resource Management
  • Volumen: 23
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 January 2012
  • Páginas: 91-108
  • ISSN: 09585192 14664399
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1080/09585192.2011.610955
  • Document Type: Article
Executives in today's business world are increasingly conscious that the competitive advantage of companies rests upon the retention of their key employees. According to the literature, dissatisfaction with the job is an important determinant of turnover rates and work life balance (WLB) initiatives are today considered to be an important antecedent of job satisfaction. This study explores these relationships in small and medium enterprises (SMEs), where a number of academics have suggested that research is necessary. This paper presents an empirical research study with a sample of 149 managers of Spanish SMEs. The findings show that the existence of a WLB culture rather than the availability of WLB practices offered by the company is the main determinant of job satisfaction. There is also strong evidence that job satisfaction is a good predictor of turnover intentions. Based on the findings, the paper argues that informal support for WLB, expressed through the existence of positive and supportive organizational values for WLB, plays a major role in enhancing organizational outcomes such as job satisfaction among managers and their retention in SMEs. The implications for practitioners and academics are also discussed. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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