Relationship between heavy metal distribution in sediment samples and their ecotoxicity by the use of the Hasse diagram technique

  • Stefan Tsakovski /
  • Błazej Kudłak /
  • Vasil Simeonov /
  • Lidia Wolska /
  • Gregorio Garcia /
  • Jacek Namieśnik
Journal ar
Analytica Chimica Acta
  • Volumen: 719
  • Fecha: 16 March 2012
  • Páginas: 16-23
  • ISSN: 00032670 18734324
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2011.12.052
  • Document Type: Article
Many studies assessing the quality of sediments and their pollution impact use monitoring data consisting predominantly of chemical indicators. Recently, ecotoxicity estimates have been used as very important parameters of the ecological state of sediment samples. Thus, a more complete sediment risk assessment is achieved and more reliable information on the sediment pollution history is extracted. The data interpretation could be improved if multivariate statistical techniques were applied to data classification, modelling and interpretation. The starting classification of the data was performed using self-organizing maps (SOM) approach in order to reveal specific relationship patterns for objects and for variables. The original element of the present study is the use of the Hasse diagram technique (HDT) for partial ordering in order to explain some specific relations between the chemical indicators analysed (heavy metal content in different sediment compartments) and the ecotoxicity tests for acute and chronic toxicity. In principle, a reliable estimate of the pollution impact of a large environmental object (the Mar Menor lagoon in Spain) is achieved. The specific role of each one of the five heavy metals involved (Zn, Cu, Mn, Pb, and Cd) is interpreted in the context of the additional ecotoxicity tests. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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