Enrichment of metals in soils subjected to different land uses in a typical Mediterranean environment (Murcia City, southeast Spain)

Journal ar
Applied Geochemistry
  • Volumen: 26
  • Número: 3
  • Fecha: 01 March 2011
  • Páginas: 405-414
  • ISSN: 08832927
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.01.023
  • Document Type: Article
Industrialization, urbanization, and agricultural practices are 3 of the most important sources of metal accumulations in soils. Concentrations of Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd were determined in surface soils collected under different land uses, including urban (UR), industrial (IN-1 and IN-2), agricultural (AG), abandoned unused (AB), and natural (NA) sites to examine the influence of anthropogenic activities on metals in soils formed in a typical Mediterranean environment. The highest concentrations of Cr, Cd, and Pb observed in the NW industrial area (IN-2) were 63.7, 3.34 and 2330mg metal kg-1 soil, for each metal, respectively. The SW industrial area (IN-1) contained the highest Zn content at 135mgkg-1. However, soils with the highest concentrations of Ni and Cu were located in AG sites at 30.9 and 64.9mgkg-1 soil, respectively. Sampling locations with the highest concentrations of Mn were identified in AB sites. Using the concentrations of metals at the NA sites as the baseline levels, soils collected from all other land uses in the study area exhibited significantly higher total contents of Zn, Mn, Cr and Ni. Metal enrichment was attributed to fertilizer and pesticide applications, industrial activities, and metal deposition from a high volume of vehicular traffic (for Pb and Cd). High concentrations of Mn in some samples were attributed to parent materials. The study demonstrated that anthropogenic activities associated with various land uses contribute to metal accumulation in soils and indicated a need to closely monitor land management practices to reduce human and ecological risks from environmental pollution. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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