Simultaneous solution for water, heat and salt balances in a Mediterranean coastal lagoon (Mar Menor, Spain)

Journal ar
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
  • Volumen: 91
  • Número: 2
  • Fecha: 20 January 2011
  • Páginas: 250-261
  • ISSN: 02727714
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.10.030
  • Document Type: Article
A modelling approach is proposed to evaluate the environmental dynamics of coastal lagoons. The water, heat and salt balances are addressed simultaneously, providing a better estimation of evaporation and water exchanges. Compared to traditional approaches, the model presented accounts for the effects of water salinity, heat storage and net energy advected in the water body. The model was applied daily to the Mar Menor coastal lagoon (SE Spain) from 2003 through 2006. Water exchanges with the Mediterranean Sea were estimated based on the monthly trend of the lagoon salinity and were correlated with monthly averages of wind speed. The mean daily water exchange with the sea was 1.77 hm3 d-1. This exchange accounted for only 1% of the heat losses in the lagoon heat balance, and it is the most important flow in the water balance. The mean annual evaporation flux amounted to 101.3 W m-2 (3.55 mm d-1), while the sensible heat flux amounted to 19.7 W m-2, leading to an annual Bowen ratio on the order of 0.19. To validate the model, daily water temperatures were predicted based on the daily heat balance of the water body and were compared with remote sensing data from water surface standard products. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Author keywords

    Indexed keywords

      Funding details