Adsorption of cationic hydroxyethylcellulose derivatives onto planar and curved gold surfaces

  • Ramón Pamies /
  • Sondre Volden /
  • Anna Lena Kjøniksen /
  • Kaizheng Zhu /
  • Wilhelm R. Glomm /
  • Bo Nyström
Journal ar
  • Volumen: 26
  • Número: 20
  • Fecha: 19 October 2010
  • Páginas: 15925-15932
  • ISSN: 07437463 15205827
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1021/la102716m
  • Document Type: Article
The adsorption of two positively charged hydroxyethylcellulose derivatives with 7 and 60 mol % positively charged groups and a cationic, hydrophobically modified hydroxyethylcellulose containing 1 mol % hydrophobic groups and 7 mol % charged groups onto flat and spherical citrate-coated gold surfaces of different sizes has been investigated. The planar surfaces were studied by means of the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, whereas nanoparticle suspensions were examined using dynamic light scattering and UV-vis spectroscopy. Two different driving forces for adsorption have been evaluated: the electrostatic interaction between the positive charges on the polymers and the negatively charged gold surfaces and the affinity of the polymers for gold due to hydrophobic interactions. The comparison between the data obtained from curved and planar surfaces suggests a strong correlation between surface curvature and adlayer conformation in the formation of the hybrid polymer-gold nanoparticles. The influence of particle size on the amount of adsorbed polymer has been evaluated for the different polymers. The impact of the ionic strength on polymer adsorption has been explored, and the adsorbed polymer layer has been found to protect the gold nanoparticles from aggregation when salt is added to the solution. The addition of salt to a mixture of gold particles and a charged polymer can induce a thicker adsorbed layer at low salinity, and desorption was found at high levels of salt addition. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

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