Relationships between salt type and seed germination in three plant species growing in salt marsh soils of semi-arid

Journal ar
Arid Land Research and Management
  • Volumen: 23
  • Número: 2
  • Fecha: 01 April 2009
  • Páginas: 1532-4982
  • ISSN: 15324982 15324990
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1080/15324980902813559
  • Document Type: Article
The present work studied the germination recovery of Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Juncus acutus, and Schoenus nigricans seeds after submersion in hypersaline solution of different salt types. Germination recovery of seed lots incubated in 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5% saline solutions of NaCl, MgCl2, MgSO4, and Na2SO4 for 30d was studied by transferring ungerminated seeds to distilled water. Seed germination of A. macrostachyum was only inhibited at the highest salinity (4% NaCl, 5% MgCl2 but these ungerminated seeds showed a high germination recovery (81% and 83%, respectively) in distilled water. Seed germination of S. nigricans was totally inhibited by salts and only 26% of them germinated in the control treatment. However, the germination recovery of this species could be stimulated by high salt concentrations (germination of ungerminated seeds incubated at 5% Na2SO4 reached 66% in distilled water). Juncus acutus germinated well without salt (95% in the control treatment) but high salt concentrations inhibited them from germination. However, ungerminated seeds were not damaged by salt, showing a high level of recovery (c. 100% in all salt types and concentrations). The chlorides were more inhibitory to germination than sulphates at equivalent concentrations. The germination-related characteristics of J. acutus and S. nigricans mean that both species may be considered halophytes although neither of them can tolerate such high salinity levels as A. macrostachyum, Juncus acutus, and A. macrostachyum produce nondormant seeds, whereas a high proportion of S. nigricans seeds are dormant. These laboratory results are related to the field ecology of the three species. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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