Article

An automatic system of classification of weld defects in radiographic images

Journal ar
NDT and E International
  • Volumen: 42
  • Número: 5
  • Fecha: 01 July 2009
  • Páginas: 467-476
  • ISSN: 09638695
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ndteint.2009.02.004
  • Document Type: Article
In this paper, we describe an automatic detection system to recognise welding defects in radiographic images. In a first stage, image processing techniques, including noise reduction, contrast enhancement, thresholding and labelling, were implemented to help in the recognition of weld regions and the detection of weld defects. In a second stage, a set of geometrical features which characterise the defect shape and orientation was proposed and extracted between defect candidates. In a third stage, an artificial neural network (ANN) for weld defect classification was used. With the aim of obtaining the best performance of ANN three different methods for improving network generalisation was used. The results was compared with a method without generalisation. For the input layer, the principal component analysis technique was used in order to reduce the number of feature variables; and, for the hidden layer, a different number of neurons was used. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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