Article

Design, construction and testing of an apricot tractor-trailed harvester

  • A. Torregrosa /
  • O. Chaparro /
  • B. Martín /
  • C. Ortiz /
  • J. J. Bernad /
  • E. Ortí /
  • J. Gil /
  • M. Pérez
Journal ar
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
  • Volumen: 6
  • Número: 3
  • Fecha: 07 November 2008
  • Páginas: 333-340
  • ISSN: 1695971X
  • Source Type: Journal
  • Document Type: Article
The purpose of this research is to facilitate the mechanical harvesting of apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) for industry. A tractor-trailed harvester was built to catch the fruits detached from apricot (cv. Búlida) trees by vibratory systems. This machine is a low profile catcher that can move under the trees in high-density canopies where umbrella-type harvesters cannot. The trailer is able to work under trees with as little free-trunk height as 0.35 m. The tests were done in 5- to 9-year-old apricot trees, planted in two frame, 2.5 m and 4.5 m in-the-row distances, with 6.5 m between rows in both cases. To detach the fruit, two hand-held pneumatic shakers were used. Harvest rate was 61 and 44 trees h-1 for each type of orchard, respectively. The main conclusion is that the trailer, together with branch-shakers, can work in narrow orchards of low canopy trees where other machines can not go in.

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