Natural and anthropogenic contributions to PM10 and PM2.5 in an urban area in the western Mediterranean coast

  • L. Negral /
  • S. Moreno-Grau /
  • J. Moreno /
  • X. Querol /
  • M. M. Viana /
  • A. Alastuey
Journal ar
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
  • Volumen: 192
  • Número: 1-4
  • Fecha: 01 July 2008
  • Páginas: 227-238
  • ISSN: 00496979 15732932
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11270-008-9650-y
  • Document Type: Article
Source apportionment analysis was used to identify the factors contributing to atmospheric pollution at a monitoring location in the Southeast of Spain, a well documented area with an arid climate and high insolation favouring two sources of particulate matter: secondary transformation in the atmosphere and resuspension of crustal dry soils to the air. These conditions are further complicated by numerous industrial facilities in the area of the historical city of Cartagena. This paper describes the air quality of an area which includes a zinc metallurgical industry, a petrochemical factory, an oil power station, a shipyard and natural phenomena including African dust transport and resuspension of regional and/or local crustal materials. Major and trace element concentrations in PM10 and PM2.5 were determined at two monitoring stations in Cartagena (one PM10 sampler located at a traffic hotspot and the PM2.5 sampler at a suburban station), during 2004 and 2005. Results showed that in the PM10 fraction, the zinc metallurgical activity was linked to high levels of Cd, Zn and Pb; shipyard emission was associated with high levels of Cr and Ni; and high Ni and V levels were associated with the secondary aerosol indicating the contribution from oil combustion (oil-fired power station or petrochemical facilities). In the PM2.5 size fraction, the zinc source is defined by Zn and Pb; V, Ni and As appear with the oil combustion emissions. In contrast to PM10, shipyard activity is not consistently defined. Consistent sources found in both size fractions include crustal materials and traffic emissions. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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